Google Sheets has many formulas that make working considerably simpler. The **IF THEN** logical calculation in Google Sheets is one of the amazing features that make it easy to verify logical arguments, single or **multiple criteria**, or conditions, and return a value if they are **TRUE** or a different value if they are **FALSE**.

## A Sample of Practice Spreadsheet

You can copy the spreadsheet that we’ve used to prepare this article.

## 3 Ideal Examples to Do IF THEN in Google Sheets

We can use **the IF function** by itself in a single logical test or nest numerous **IF** statements into one formula to create more complicated tests.

The** IF Function** has the following syntax:

`=IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false)`

There are multiple methods to use the **IF statement** followed by a **THEN** outcome in Google Sheets. In Google Sheets, we may combine several **IF** statements to run a longer and more complex logical test. To improvise calculations and logical tests, we can nest some other functions as well.

### 1. Utilizing IF THEN with Single Condition

Use the **IF** function in your Google Sheets formula if you want to conduct a logical test that returns different answers depending on whether the test is **TRUE** or **FALSE**. Use it in Google Sheets by following these steps.

Assume we have a dataset with a few patients’ most current pulse rates. We must ascertain the state of the patient’s blood pressure. If the rate exceeds **100**, then the patient has excessive or **high blood pressure**.

**Steps:**

- We will choose cell
**D6**initially. - First and foremost, we’ll use the following formula as the first logical argument:

`=IF(C6<100`

- After that, we’ll apply the following formula:

`=IF(C6<100,"Normal","High"`

- The value to return in this case if the logical argument is
**TRUE**is**“Normal”**. - If the logical argument is
**FALSE**, it will return**“High”**.

- To obtain the outcome with the final formula, press
**ENTER**after closing parentheses.

`=IF(C6<100,"Normal","High")`

At the conclusion of the day, we can say that **Alyssa** is the only patient with **high blood pressure**, and everyone else has **normal** BP.

**Read More: How to Use IF Condition Between Two Numbers in Google Sheets**

### 2. Using AND/OR Criteria

Since the **IF THEN** formula primarily performs a logical test with **TRUE** and **FALSE** outcomes, we can further enrich the criteria by integrating the **AND** and **OR** logical conditions into the formula. We are then able to conduct an initial test using multiple criteria.

#### 2.1 IF THEN with AND Criteria

Let’s say we have a dataset of patients who have symptoms that can be used to determine if they have **Nephropathic diabetes** or **Normal** diabetes. Damage to the kidney occurs in patients with nephropathic diabetes. **Loss of weight**, **Muscle cramps**, and **blurred vision** are common symptoms.

**Steps:**

- First, we must choose a cell,
**F6**. - Now we may say that the patient has
**nephropathic diabetes**if they have checked**Yes**to all the conditions, including**weight loss**,**muscle cramps**, and**blurred vision**. - To determine the outcome, we’ll utilize the formula below.

`=IF(AND(C6="Yes",D6="Yes",E6="Yes"),"Diabetic Nephropathy","Normal")`

- Finally, press
**ENTER**to see the findings.

**Formula Breakdown:**

**(C6=”Yes”,D6=”Yes”,E6=”Yes”)**as to determine whether the cell values are equal to**Yes**or not.- If all the conditions are met,
**the AND function**will perform the logical test and return**TRUE**if all values are Yes; otherwise, it will return**FALSE**. **“Diabetic Nephropathy”**will be the result if the value is**TRUE**.- If the
**AND function**returns a**FALSE**value then it will be**“Normal”**.

We discover that just two of our patients, **Alyssa** and **Morgan**, meet the requirements, thus we can deduce that they have **diabetic nephropathy**.

#### 2.2 IF THEN with OR Criteria

There is a different form of diabetes called **Diabetic Retinopathy**, which affects the blood vessels in the eyes. Patients with **blurred vision** frequently have this condition. Those who do not lose weight, however, stand the risk of developing **diabetic retinopathy**.

**Steps:**

- Again, we must begin by selecting cell
**F6**. - To rule out all the patients having
**diabetic retinopathy**, we can utilize the**OR**criterion since they must declare either a**No**for**weight loss or**a**Yes**for**blurred vision**. - Therefore, we are going to use the following formula.

`=IF(OR(C6="No",E6="Yes"),"Diabetic Retinopathy","Normal")`

- Click
**ENTER**at the end to view the outcome.

**Formula Breakdown:**

- The
**IF function**executes the logical test using**the****OR function**to satisfy the**OR**criterion of our objective. **OR(C6=”No”,E6=”Yes”)**, here,**OR**criterion validates the arguments.*If any of the parameters*examined by**OR**are**TRUE,**it will return**TRUE**; If all parameters are**FALSE**, it will display a**FALSE**value.- If the value is
**TRUE**, then it will return**“Diabetic Retinopathy”**. **“Normal”**refers to the false value returned by the**OR**criterion.

We can see that, of the five individuals, three are either at risk for or have already developed **diabetic retinopathy**.

**Read More: How to Use IF and OR Formula in Google Sheets (2 Examples)**

**Similar Readings**

**Highlight Row Based on Date in Google Sheets (2 Suitable Ways)****How to Highlight Row If Cell Is Not Empty in Google Sheets****Find if Date is Between Dates in Google Sheets (An Easy Guide)**

### 3. Applying Nested Conditions

Although applying many conditions at once when using multiple **IF** statements in Google Sheets may seem complicated, it makes the process much simpler. Consider the following example.

Assume we have a dataset of a few patients that includes their most recent **A1C Test** results to check for diabetes. We must assess the level of diabetes they have. We can do this by *nesting* multiple **IF** functions inside one another to cover all given conditions.

**Steps:**

- Select cell
**D6**first. - The formula that we’ll employ is as follows:

`=IF(C6<4,"Normal",IF(C6<8,"Prediabetes",IF(C6<11,"Diabetes Stage 1","Diabetes Stage 2")))`

- Finally, press
**ENTER**to learn the outcome.

**Formula Breakdown:**

- The
**IF function**will test**C6<4**as the first logical input. **“Normal”**is the value to display if the first argument returns**TRUE**.- If the first logical argument returned
**FALSE**, the**IF function**will verify the second logical argument, which is**C6<8**. - It will display
**“Prediabetes”**If the second parameter is**TRUE**. - If the second argument is
**FALSE**, the third argument to test is**C6<11**. - It will output
**“Diabetes Stage 1”**If the third logical argument is**TRUE**. - If the third logical statement is
**FALSE**then it will display**“Diabetes Stage 2”**.

We can see that the formula identified their level of diabetes based on the result of their test. **Stewart**, for instance, has **Diabetes Stage 1** since his score is between **8** and **11**.

**Read More: How to Use Nested IF Function in Google Sheets (4 Helpful Ways)**

## Final Words

You can also apply **conditional formatting** with the IF then function. This article made an effort to address every aspect of using **IF THEN** in Google Sheets. For more details, visit our website **OfficeWheel** or leave a comment below if you have any questions about the Google Sheets if-then formula.

**Related Articles**

**How to Use Multiple IF Statements in Google Sheets (5 Examples)****If Cell Contains Text Then Return Value in Another Cell in Google Sheets****How to Use ARRAYFORMULA with IF Function in Google Sheets****Conditional Formatting with Multiple Conditions Using Custom Formulas in Google Sheets****Google Sheets: Conditional Formatting with Multiple Conditions**