A percentage value can be defined as a sum, proportion, or part in relation to a larger sum. In Google Sheets. We often deal with percentages by changing the cell format. Still, we can use the **TO_PERCENT **function to calculate percentage values without changing the format of the cell which means it will return the output directly as a percentage. The **TO_PERCENT** function is an exclusive function for Google Sheets since it is not available in MS Excel. However, in this article, I’ll discuss examples of 6 easy applications of the **TO_PERCENT** function.

## A Sample of Practice Spreadsheet

You can copy our practice spreadsheets by clicking on the following link. The spreadsheet contains an overview of the datasheet and an outline of the described applications of the **TO_PERCENT** function in Google Sheets.

## What Is TO_PERCENT Function in Google Sheets?

The **TO_PERCENT** function is used for converting a number to a percentage.

#### Syntax

The syntax of the **TO_PERCENT** function is as follows:

`=TO_PERCENT(value)`

#### Argument

There is only one argument in the** TO_PERCENT** function and it is as follows:

Argument | Requirement | Function |
---|---|---|

value |
Required | The value or reference to a cell that will be converted to a percentage. |

#### Output

The formula **TO_PERCENT(0.2)** will show **20%** as output.

## 6 Easy Examples to Use TO_PERCENT Function in Google Sheets

We can use the **TO_PERCENT** function to calculate percentage values in numerous applications. Here, we’ll discuss examples for 6 of the most common applications with suitable datasets.

### 1. Calculating Grand Total Percentage

Calculating a percentage of a grand total is perhaps the most frequent use of the **TO_PERCENT** function. We’ll determine each employee’s salary as a percentage of the total salary for the dataset below.

__Steps:__

- Firstly, we have to calculate the grand total of the employee salaries.
- For that, select
**Cell C12**and then type in the following formula-

`=SUM(C5:C11)`

- After that, press
**Enter**key to get the total of salaries.

- Next, select
**Cell D5**and type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT(C5/$C$12)`

- Then, press the
**Enter**key to get the required percentage value.

- Now, select
**Cell D5**again and hover your mouse pointer above the right-bottom corner of the selected cell to make the**Fill Handle**icon visible.

- Use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula in other cells of**Column D**.

### 2. Enumerating Proportional Percentage

We can use the** TO_PERCENT** function to calculate percentage values that depict the proportion a value takes from a larger amount. Here, we’ll enumerate what proportion of the salary every employee spends on their house rent.

__Steps:__

- Select
**Cell C5**first. - Then, type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT(D5/C5)`

- Afterward, press
**Enter**key to get the required value.

- Finally, use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula to other cells.

### 3. Determining Increase or Decrease of Percentage

We can also use the **TO_PERCENT** function to calculate the changes (i.e. the increase or decrease) of percentage in values across columns and rows or based on fixed cells as percentage values. Read the following 3 examples.

#### 3.1 Computing for a Fixed Reference Cell

First, we’ll compute percentage change based on a fixed reference cell for the following dataset. The dataset contains the monthly revenue of a company. We’ll compute the net profit margin as a percentage value based on the fixed total cost.

__Steps:__

- Firstly, select
**Cell D6**. - Afterward, type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT((C6-$D$4)/C6)`

- Then, press
**Enter**key to get the required net profit margin.

- Finally, use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula in other cells.

#### 3.2 Applying Between Two Columns

Now, let’s calculate the increase or decrease of percentage values between two columns for the dataset below. The dataset contains prices of several novels in two consecutive years. We’ll determine the change in price as a percentage value using the **TO_PERCENT** function.

__Steps:__

- Select
**Cell E5**first and then type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT((D5-C5)/C5)`

- After that, press
**Enter**key to get the required percentage change.

- Finally, use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula to other cells in**Column E**.

#### 3.3 Executing Between Two Rows

Finally, we’ll use the **TO_PERCENT** formula to calculate the yearly increase or decrease of the profit values for several years for the dataset below. Since we require two values to calculate a change, we can not calculate any output in **Cell D5**.

__Steps:__

- In the beginning, select
**Cell D6**. - Afterward, type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT((C6-C5)/C5)`

- Then, press the
**Enter**key to get the required percentage of change.

- In the end, use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula to other cells.

### 4. Computing Average Percentage

We can describe the data much more effectively by using percentage values for an average. Let’s now use the **TO_PERCENT** function joined with **the SUM function** to compute the average percentage for the dataset below, which contains marks obtained by several students across three distinct subjects.

__Steps:__

- Firstly, select
**Cell F6**. - Then, type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT(SUM(C6:E6)/300)`

- After that, press
**Enter**key to get the required average percentage value.

__Formula Breakdown__

**SUM(C6:E6)**

First, the **SUM** function calculates the summation of each number in the range **C6:E6**.

**TO_PERCENT(SUM(C6:E6)/300)**

Then, after the returned value by the **SUM** function is divided by the value 300, the **TO_PERCENT** function converts it into percentage format.

- Finally, use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula in the other cells of**Column F**.

### 5. Applying for Calculating Discount

We can enumerate the discount percentage from the actual price value and discounted price value. Here, we’ll use the **TO_PERCENT** function to establish a formula to determine the discount percentage for the dataset below.

__Steps:__

- Firstly, select
**Cell E5**. - Afterward, type in the following formula-

`=TO_PERCENT((C5-D5)/C5)`

- Then, press the
**Enter**key to get the required discount percentage.

- Finally, use the
**Fill Handle**icon to copy the formula to other cells of**Column E**.

### 6. Combining ARRAYFORMULA and TO_PERCENT Functions

Instead of using the **Fill Handle** icon to copy our formula in other cells, we can use **the ARRAYFORMULA function** to perform similar operations for a range. Here, we’ll determine the percentage of a grand total for a range by combining the **ARRAYFORMULA** and **TO_PERCENT** functions for the dataset below.

__Steps:__

- First, select
**Cell D5**. - Afterward, type in the following formula:

`=ARRAYFORMULA(TO_PERCENT(C5:C12/C12))`

- Finally, press
**Enter**key to get the required value as an array at once instantly.

__Formula Breakdown__

**TO_PERCENT(C5:C12/C12)**

The **TO_PERCENT** function converts the calculated values to percentage format.

**ARRAYFORMULA(TO_PERCENT(C5:C12/C12))**

Here, the **ARRAYFORMULA** function helps the non-array function **TO_PERCENT** to deal with an array and display the array.

## Things to Be Considered

- The
**TO_PERCENT**function can take only one input at a time. - Certain cells have been used for the entire column in our calculations. While applying the formula, remember to fix the reference for those cells.

## Conclusion

This concludes our article to learn how to use the **TO_PERCENT** function in Google Sheets. I hope the demonstrated applications were helpful to you. Feel free to leave your thoughts on the article in the comment box. Visit our website **OfficeWheel.com** for more helpful articles.