While working on a dataset sometimes we need to extract some specific data from that dataset but getting the data manually is difficult and time-consuming. It would be much easier to apply **the** **INDEX function **for a better solution. In this article, we will learn how to use the **INDEX** function in google sheets.

## A Sample of Practice Spreadsheet

You may copy the spreadsheet below and practice by yourself.

## What Is INDEX Function in Google Sheets?

**The INDEX function **returns a particular value from specific rows and columns of a dataset. For example, if you have a dataset with 10 names you will get particular data according to the condition.

#### Syntax

**INDEX(reference, [row], [column])**

#### Arguments

ARGUMENT | REQUIREMENT | Sample heading |
---|---|---|

reference |
Required | Reference works as an array and combined the value. |

row |
Optional | The number of offset rows. |

column |
Optional | The number of offset columns. |

#### Return Value

Returns the value from a cell specified by the row and column numbers.

## 4 Easy Examples to Use INDEX Function in Google Sheets

Now, the below dataset contains **Student Name **and **Total Marks. **Now we will use 4 different examples to show you how to use the **INDEX** function in Google Sheets.

### 1. Using Basic INDEX Function

Here, we will show you the basic application of the **INDEX** function in Google Sheets.

**📌 Steps:**

- First, select cell
**E5**to execute the formula.

- Then, type
**=INDEX(**followed by range**B5:C1**as the**reference**argument. Next type**4**to return the 4th row from the reference data range as follows.

`=INDEX(B5:C11,4)`

### 2. Applying INDEX and COUNTA Functions

Here, we will execute how to use the **INDEX **function with the **COUNTA **function.

📌 **Steps:**

- First, select cell
**E5**to execute the function.

- Then, enter the
**INDEX**function and select the range**B5:C11**as below.

- After that, enter the
**COUNTA**function to count the range**C5:C11**. The output of this function will be the**row**argument of the**INDEX**function. As a result, the formula will return the last value from the reference dataset.

- Write
**2**manually after finishing the function to get the last value of total marks. And the final output will be as below.

`=INDEX((B5:C11),COUNTA(C5:C11),2)`

### 3. Combining INDEX and MATCH Functions

Here, we will use the **INDEX **function combined with the **MATCH **function for vertical lookup in Google Sheets.

📌 **Steps:**

- First, select cell
**F5**to execute the formula as before.

- Then enter the function using the range
**B5:C11**as before.

- After that enter the
**MATCH**function and select the range**B5:B11**and lookup value cell**E5.**

- At last, write
**2**manually to get the value from the 2nd column of the range.

`=INDEX(B5:C11,MATCH(E5,B5:B11,0),2)`

**4. Utilizing ARRAYFORMULA with INDEX Function**

We can also use the **ARRAYFORMULA function **with the different datasets below. The dataset below contains **Student Name, Math, Science**, and **Total Marks. **There we will find the exact output using the **ARRAYFORMULA function **both row-wise and column-wise.

**4.1 Using the ARRAYFORMULA Function Row-wise**

Here, we will extract the exact value of a row. For example, we want to extract Adam’s numbers. Now follow the steps below.

📌**Steps:**

- First, select cell
**G5**to execute the formula as before. - Therefore, enter the
**ARRAYFORMULA**function to return the output as an array.

- Now enter the
**INDEX**using the cell range**B5:E11**and write**4,0**manually as a row will be extracted.

`=ARRAYFORMULA(INDEX(B5:E11,4,0))`

**4.2.Executing ARRAYFORMULA Function Column-wise**

Now, we will execute the exact value of a total column. For example, we will extract the total value of Math. Here, follow the steps below to execute this method.

📌**Steps:**

- Initially, select cell
**H5**to execute the formula.

- Moreover, enter the
**ARRAYFORMULA**function to get the output as an array.

- After that, enter the
**INDEX**function using the total cell range**B5:E11**as below.

- Lastly, write
**0, 4**manually as we will extract data from**Total marks.**

`=ARRAYFORMULA(INDEX(B5:E11,0,4))`

## Alternative to INDEX Function in Google Sheets

You can use **the OFFSET function **as an alternative to using the **INDEX **function in Google Sheets. Now follow the steps below to execute the formula.

📌 **Steps:**

- First, select cell
**F5**to execute the formula as below.

- Then enter the formula to get the value of the
**3rd**cell after cell**C5**from**column C**. The final output will be as follows.

`=OFFSET(C5,3,0)`

## Things to Remember

- The
**INDEX**function can be used individually and combined with other functions to get results. - Always add the range of the
**INDEX**function after finishing the function when the function is combined with the other function.

## Conclusion

In this article, we explained the anatomy of the **INDEX** function. We also explained how to use the **INDEX **function in Google Sheets with simple examples. Hopefully, the examples will help you to apply this method to your own dataset. Please let us know in the comment section if you have any further queries or suggestions. You may also visit our **OfficeWheel** blog to explore more Google Sheets-related articles.