An essential component of data processing is error handling. Errors are typically often possible when doing data operations. While using **VLOOKUP**, we occasionally discover mistakes. Fortunately, Google Sheets can detect these mistakes and tell you with an error code. One of the well-designed and user-friendly functions in Google Sheets to fix and conceal errors made while doing a **VLOOKUP** is the **IFERROR function**.

## A Sample of Practice Spreadsheet

You can copy our spreadsheet that we’ve used to prepare this article.

## What Is IFERROR Function in Google Sheets?

In Google Sheets, the **IFERROR** function can display any error, incorrect or missing value in **VLOOKUP** in a logical fashion. The **IFERROR** Function can offer a viable solution if everything appears to be in order but the formula still fails to return the desired value.

When there is no error value, the **IFERROR** function in Google Sheets typically returns the first parameter; otherwise, it returns the second argument or a blank if the second argument is missing. To comprehend how to use the** IFERROR** function with **VLOOKUP**, refer to the section after this one.

## 3 Practical Examples to Use IFERROR with VLOOKUP Function in Google Sheets

We’ll use a basic dataset to show how to use the **IFERROR** function in the context of **VLOOKUP**. Let’s say we have information about a few university students. We will conduct a search using the **VLOOKUP** function to locate some specific data.

**Steps:**

- First, we will choose cell
**C13**. - Second, we’ll apply the formula shown below:

`=VLOOKUP(B13, $B$5:$D$9, 3, FALSE)`

- Finally, press
**ENTER**to finish.

**Formula Breakdown:**

**B13**as the value to look up.- The search range is
**$B$5:$D$9**. - The index column with the number
**3**is where we will look for the**Department**name. - For a precise match, use
**0**or**FALSE**.

In the end, we will discover that the **VLOOKUP** formula will use the **search** column to display the relevant information whenever we type a name. However, occasionally it will display errors. Let’s look at a few examples below.

### Example 1: Missing Data Error

Assume we’re looking for information about a student named **Aurthur**. The **VLOOKUP** function, however, displays a “**#N/A**” error. This implies that no information on the name is available.

We will now apply the following formula to transform the error message into a more systematic and logical approach.

**Steps:**

- We shall first choose cell
**C13**. - The prior formula will remain in place. However, we will remedy the scenario by implementing the
**IFERROR**function around the existing**VLOOKUP**formula. - We’ll use the following formula:

`=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B13, $B$5:$D$9, 3, FALSE),"Not Found")`

- Lastly, click
**ENTER.**

The error value is no longer present, as shown in the image. Instead, the designated cells show the phrase “**Not found**.” We may therefore use **IFERROR** with **VLOOKUP** for a more structured process if there is no data.

### Example 2: Incorrect Column Reference

When entering data into a formula, we tend to make mistakes occasionally. Using the wrong column references when using **VLOOKUP** is one of the common blunders people make.

We encountered errors like **#VALUE!** while looking for information about **Aurthur**. It signifies that the value in the formula is inaccurate and misleading. In this case, a column reference that should be greater than** 1** has been inserted as **0**.

To reconstruct the error methodically and logically, we will now use the formula shown below.

**Steps:**

- At first, we will select cell
**C13**. - We’ll use the following formula in order to resolve the error.

`=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B13, $B$5:$D$9, 0, FALSE),"Unavailable")`

- To finish, click
**ENTER**.

As seen in the image, the error warning has simply disappeared. Instead, “**Unavailable**” is displayed in the designated cell. Similarly, we can handle the error message in cell **D13**. The steps are as follows:

- Select cell
**D13**once more. - We’ll apply the following formula.

`=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B13, $B$5:$D$9, 0, FALSE),"Unavailable")`

- Finally, press the
**ENTER**key to finish.

Now, **Aurthur**-related information is handled as **Unavailable**, as you can see in the image above. This seems more presentable than the previous predicament.

### Example 3: Error in the Formula

Consider the possibility that we are unaware of a data or formula parse error. Therefore, it displays a “**#ERROR**” message while running **VLOOKUP**.

We will go through the same procedure again to temporarily fix the problem.

**Steps:**

- We’re going to choose cell
**C13**once more. - Following that, we’ll utilize the following formula without altering the
**VLOOKUP**formula.

`=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(F7,$B$5:$D$9,2,0),"No Data")`

- Press
**ENTER**to finish after that.

We can see from the image that the error result is no longer present. However, if we look at the source data range, we can quickly identify the issue. Thus, by using the **IFERROR** function, we can address issues that occurred when executing **VLOOKUP**.

## Most Common VLOOKUP Errors in Google Sheets

**VLOOKUP** is one of the most helpful yet challenging features in Google Sheets. It aids in the search for similar data across numerous sheets. However, your formula could occasionally produce errors. Here are some lists of common errors in **VLOOKUP**.

### I. #N/A Error for Incorrect Data

This error most frequently occurs in Google Sheets **VLOOKUP** and indicates that the value is unavailable, misspelled, or mismatched.

### II. #VALUE! Error for Incorrect Column Number

In Google Sheets **VLOOKUP**, the third argument can occasionally be specified incorrectly. It should fall between **1** and the total number of columns included in the search range. **VLOOKUP** in Google Sheets will return the **#VALUE!** error if the number is incorrect.

### III. #REF! Error in Case of Invalid Reference to Another Table

If you encounter the **#REF!** error, you’ll realize that something is wrong. It denotes that the formula cannot locate the range you entered because it is invalid.

### IV. #ERROR If Mistakes Occur in Formula

It is known as a formula phase error message and is exclusive to Google Sheets. It indicates that Google Sheets is unable to understand the formula you have entered because it is unable to parse the formula to execute it.

## Things to Remember

The function has the drawback of treating all error messages the same and not differentiating between them. As a result, other users may find it difficult to diagnose the issues because they won’t be aware of the nature of the problem. Because of this, it often creates confusion like the function IFERROR is not working properly in google sheets.

The **IFERROR** function serves as a general solution for all **VLOOKUP** errors and mistakes. It should handle any errors or exceptions in Google Sheets.

## Final Words

The **IFERROR** function acts as a general remedy for all errors. You could run into the two issues listed above while using** VLOOKUP** in Google Sheets,** IFERROR** is quite effective in these situations and handles these errors similarly. Please leave a comment if you have any questions. For more interesting and important articles, please visit **OfficeWheel**.